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The finishing of roses is not only reserved for professionals. What sounds so complicated can be done with a little effort and the right tool for everyone.
Splendidly blooming roses in the front yard are not only an eye-catcher for the hobby gardener himself. The neighbors also like to stand still and ask themselves which particular variety blooms for you. Now you can say with your chest raised that you have ennobled this rose yourself. Doesn't that make you proud?
Unfortunately, there is still a long way to go. Breeding your own creation takes a while and requires a lot of tact.
Usually only real professionals refine. But if you have a reasonably green thumb, you are welcome to try it yourself and enjoy the result. It is only forbidden to sell the processed plant without a license.
The right tool for finishing
A cook cannot conjure up a decent meal on the plate without the right utensils. It is exactly the same with the finishing. Only with the right tools can you be sure that the multiplication of the roses works perfectly.
The budding knife is an indispensable tool for finishing. This knife has a straight blade with a rounded tip, which is used especially for the Okulation (finishing). You can get the Victorinox eyepiece from Amazon, for example.
This knife with the two blades has the advantage that you can also use it for the finishing of fruit trees. So if you are successful in rose finishing, why not just try the fruit trees? Detailed instructions can be found here.
Choose roses for refinement
To refine roses, of course, you need two different roses.
First a wild rose is needed. This forms the basis for new breeding. In contrast to hybrid roses, wild roses have the great advantage that they have vigorously growing roots and are therefore not as susceptible to diseases and pests.
On the other hand, of course you need a rose with a blaze of flowers that you like. You can find a wonderful selection of beautifully blooming roses at, for example, garten-schlueter.de. This company specialized in rose culture many years ago and can even serve with rare rose specimens.
The best time for finishing is August. Here the hybrid rose is in full bloom and the wild rose is also ready to be grafted if it was planted in spring or autumn. (Reading tip: plant roses properly)
Refining roses - in 6 steps to the resultIn just a few steps to a refined rose
Step 1: snap off the fresh branch
Take a fresh branch with dead flowers from the hybrid rose. But make sure that there are at least five petals below the flower.
" Tip: The shoot is perfectly suited for finishing if the spines can be easily removed.
Step 2: remove spines and leaves
Remove all leaves and spines from the rose branch. However, the petiole must stop because the eyes are underneath.
Step 3: remove eyes
Make sure that the tool is sterile. Only a hint of pathogens can ruin the whole job.
The eyes are extremely important in finishing. Without these eyes, there would be no refinement. So you have to do this step carefully and carefully.
Remove the thin green leaf stalk over the eyes. You can easily cancel it by hand. Now the budding knife is used. Start with the knife a few millimeters above the eye and cut vertically thin downwards. Then fold over the top piece of the eye and remove the piece of wood that resembles a fork. The remaining green piece is the eye, which is now placed in the wild rose.
Step 4: clean wild rose
The root neck of the wild rose must be adequately cleaned so that no dirt gets into the wound during refinement. So first uncover this root neck and then clean the corresponding neck with a cloth.
Step 5: insert eye
After you have cleaned the root neck sufficiently, take the ocular knife again. Now make a T-shaped cut in the root neck. Fold the ends apart slightly and gently push the eye into the pocket. You can easily cut off the excess skin. Now close the ends again so that the eye is protected.
Step 6: connect the finishing point
So that no dirt collects in these openings, especially at the beginning, it is advisable to fix the finishing point with a clean rubber band or special rose rubber band.
When the finishing is done, it will take until the next spring for the first shoots to form. Wild rose shoots must then be cut off so that the rose only sprouts from the processing point. If wild shoots appear again and again, simply tear them off just below the surface. Don't cut, so you only promote growth. (Reading tip: roses in the garden - 9 tips for care)
The following video shows you again exactly where you have to cut or separate something: