Bedding plants

Hazelnut tree - cultivation and care

Hazelnut tree - cultivation and care

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Hazelnuts from your own garden still taste best. So that your hazelnut tree also carries plenty of nuts, here are our tips for growing and caring for the tree.

Hazelnut trees are very easy to care for

Hazelnut trees are very easy to care for

The native hazelnut tree is very common in our gardens. After all, it is extremely easy to maintain, robust, frost-resistant and often makes for a very enjoyable nut harvest in autumn.

Hazelnuts have a very high nutritional value in the form of fat and protein. Like most nuts known here, they are very healthy.

Due to the high nutritional value, the hazelnut is also of particular importance as a food supplier for various domestic animals (such as squirrels, mice, birds, etc.).

Site selection

When choosing the location, you should note that hazelnut trees can easily reach a height and width of up to 6 meters and more, which is why you should assign them enough space.

The hazelnut loves the penumbra. You can also use hazelnut trees in moderate shade.

Planting time

The planting time for this tree is basically autumn. A loose, water-permeable floor is ideal.

Immediately before planting, you should briefly dip the roots in liquid fertilizer so that the sapling roots faster and better in the new environment. Alternatively, simply add a handful of horn shavings to the planting hole.

By the way, we decided to use the hazel tree “Wunder aus Bollweiler”. We have already been able to enjoy its nuts with friends. Great! ; -)

Care of the hazelnut tree

»Cut back
The hazelnut tree already blooms in March, making it one of the early bloomers of the year. Therefore, you need to prune it immediately after harvesting in late summer / autumn.

Mainly the wild shoots that are growing should be cut out at the base, so that they do not damage the noble shoots.

Of course, a cut can be made again in spring, directly after flowering. But then you have to expect that the nut harvest will be less.

»Water the hazelnut tree
You should also make sure that hazelnut trees have to be watered, especially during the growth phase on hot days. But once the tree is fully grown, you can do without additional irrigation on normal summer days.

»Fertilize the hazelnut tree
While growing, you can of course also incorporate organic fertilizers (e.g. compost) around the plant in the first few years.

»Fight pests
The only real problem with hazelnut is its beetle of the same name, which can be recognized by the small holes in the nutshell.

If you crack the nutshell after the harvest and there is no more kernel in it, this is because the hazelnut beetle (also called hazelnut borer) has already eaten it. On top of that, he still deposits his larvae in the nutshell.

You can fight this weevil by carefully disposing of the affected nuts. Even all nuts that are already on the ground around the tree should be added together and disposed of.